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SCUMM/Technical Reference/Index FileSCUMM/Technical Reference/Index File

SCUMM Technical ReferenceSCUMM index file


Introduction

Most of the information below are retrieved from the LucasHacks! site and from the Pascal source code of the IndexFileReader 1.2 (written by Ben Gorman (Bgbennyboy, http://quick.mixnmojo.com). In addition, ScummRevisited (written by Jimmi Thøgersen (Serge), http://www.mixnmojo.com/scumm/scummrev) turned out to be very useful in verifying the found offsets.

The SCUMM index file contains special information to allow quick random access to the resources in the other game files. It also includes the room names and some max limits for the game. The following filenames are used:


filenameSCUMM version
00.lfl / 000.lflV3/4
.000V5/6
.LA0V7/8


Version 1 to 3 use hardcoded offsets and cannot be treated that easily. For the other games, the index file can be used to determine the SCUMM version because there have been slight changes in each version.

  • Version 4
    • the 5th and 6th byte match RN or OR
  • Version 5:
    • RNAM xor'ed with 0x69 at the beginning of the file
    • next 4 byte integer value xor'ed with 0x69 is > 9
  • Version 6
    • RNAM xor'ed with 0x69 at the beginning
    • next 4 byte integer value xor'ed with 0x69 is 9 (actually it's the size of the chunk. In V6 games, no room names are stored so the size is 4 bytes (header) + 4 bytes (size) + 1 byte for the termination character).
  • Version 7
    • RNAM at the beginning of the file (not xor'ed this time)
    • next 4 bytes result in BE integer 9 (actually applies only to Full Throttle)
  • Version 7 or 8
    • RNAM at the beginning of the file
    • next 4 bytes integer is > 9


How to distinguish between version 7 and 8? Not by looking at the first bytes, but the the size of the chunks is usually bigger because a 4 byte integer is used to store the number of objects.

Conventions

As usual, the endianness (Wikipedia) is important. Unless stated, little endianess (LE) is used.

BE is used as abbreviation for big endianness.

A Chunk is a named part of the file, e.g. RNAM. Each chunk has a header that contains at least the chunk name and its size. The following chunks are available:


RM Room Names In V3/4
0R Directory Of Rooms In V3/4
0S Directory Of Scripts In V3/4
0N Directory Of Sounds In V3/4
0C Directory Of Costumes In V3/4
0O Directory Of Objects In V3/4
RNAM Room Names In V5+
MAXS Maximum Values In V5+
DROO Directory of Rooms In V5+
DSCR Directory of Scripts In V5+
DSOU Directory of Sounds In V5+
DCOS Directory of Costumes In V5+
DCHR Directory of Charsets In V5+
DOBJ Directory of Objects In V5+
AARY List of Arrays In V6+
ANAM Animation Names? In V7
DRSC Direcory of Room Scripts In V8

Scumm 3/4

  • File's aren't xor'ed

To read in the data, the following pseudo-code can be used:

Read Number of Items
FROM 1 to "Number of Items" DO
  Read subvalue 1
  Read subvalue 2
END


RN - Room names

Block Size         (4 bytes)
Block Name         (2 bytes)
  #Room No         (1 byte)
  #Room Name       (9 bytes) XOR'ed with FF
Blank (00) byte    (1 byte) Marks end of chunk


0R - Directory of Rooms

Block Size         (4 bytes)
Block Name         (2 bytes)
No of items        (2 bytes)
  File Number      (1 byte)
  Offset           (4 bytes)

File Number is interesting if a game is splitted on multiple disks. 0 means not used.

For Offset only the value 0 seems to be used.

0S - Directory of Scripts

Block Size         (4 bytes)
Block Name         (2 bytes)
No of items        (2 bytes)
  Room Number      (1 byte)
  Offset           (4 bytes)

The global scripts are stored in this directory. The offsets are relative to the room.

0N - Directory of Sounds

Block Size         (4 bytes)
Block Name         (2 bytes)
No of items        (2 bytes)
  Room Number      (1 byte)
  Offset           (4 bytes)

Similar to scripts but holds indexes for sounds.

0C - Directory of Costumes

Block Size         (4 bytes)
Block Name         (2 bytes)
No of items        (2 bytes)
  Room Number      (1 byte)
  Offset           (4 bytes)

Similar to scripts but holds indexes of customes.

0O - Directory of Objects

Block Size         (4 bytes)
Block Name         (2 bytes)
No of items        (2 bytes)
  Class data       (3 bytes)
  Owner+state      (1 byte)

The class data is LE. Class data can be as follows:

No Class = 0
kObjectClassYFlip = 18
kObjectClassXFlip = 19
kObjectClassNeverClip = 20
kObjectClassAlwaysClip = 21
kObjectClassIgnoreBoxes = 22
kObjectClassPlayer = 23	// Actor is controlled by the player
kObjectClassUntouchable = 24

The Object owner and state are encoded in one byte. Example:

0xA2      → Owner = 0xA, State = 0x2

The pseudo decode code would be:

Owner   = ( (Owner+state Byte) AND 0xF0) >> 4
State   =   (Owner+state Byte) AND 0x0F

Scumm 5

  • The files are xor'ed with 0x69

RNAM - Room Names

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
 #Room No	  (1 byte)
 #Room Name	  (9 bytes) XOR'ed with FF
Blank (00) byte	  (1 byte) Marks end of chunk


MAXS

Block Name	   (4 bytes)
Block Size	   (4 bytes BE)
Variables	   (2 bytes)
Unknown	   (2 bytes)
Bit Variables	   (2 bytes)
Local Objects	   (2 bytes)
New Names?	   (2 bytes)
Character Sets	   (2 bytes)
Verbs?		   (2 bytes)
Array?		   (2 bytes)
Inventory Objects (2 bytes)

DROO - Directory of Rooms

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
No of items	(2 bytes)
 *Room Number	(1 byte)
 *Offset	(4 bytes)

The flow how to read in this kind of information has changed slightly from V3/4.

Read "No of items"
FROM 1 TO "No of items" DO
   Read "Room Number"
END
FROM 1 TO "No of items" DO
   Read "Offset"
END

First read in all room numbers, then read in all room offsets.


DSCR - Directory of Scripts

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
No of items	(2 bytes)
 *Room Number	(1 byte)
 *Offset	(4 bytes)

Indexes for global scripts, see pseudo code above on how to read in the data.


DSOU - Directory of Sound

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
No of items	(2 bytes)
 *Room Number	(1 byte)
 *Offset	(4 bytes)

Indexes for sound objects.


DCOS - Directory of Costumes

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
No of items	(2 bytes)
 *Room Number	(1 byte)
 *Offset	(4 bytes)

Indexes for costumes


DCHR - Director of Charsets

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
No of items	(2 bytes)
 *Room Number	(1 byte)
 *Offset	(4 bytes)

Indexes for charsets.


DOBJ - Directory of Objects

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (2 bytes)
 *Owner+state    (1 byte)
 *Class data     (4 bytes)

Information about objects. See remarks in V3/4 section how the owner+state value should be interpreted. Note that the index files stores ALL owner+state values, followed by ALL class data values.

Class data has change since V3/4:

No class = 0
kObjectClassNeverClip = 20
kObjectClassAlwaysClip = 21
kObjectClassIgnoreBoxes = 22
kObjectClassYFlip = 29
kObjectClassXFlip = 30
kObjectClassPlayer = 31	// Actor is controlled by the player
kObjectClassUntouchable = 32

Scumm 6

  • Files are xor'ed with 0x69


RNAM - Room Names

Blank Byte(00)	(1 byte)

No room names are stored.


MAXS

Block Name	   (4 bytes)
Block Size	   (4 bytes BE)
Variables	   (2 bytes)
Unknown	   (2 bytes)
Bit Variables	   (2 bytes)
Local Objects	   (2 bytes)
Arrays		   (2 bytes)
Unknown	   (2 bytes)
Verbs		   (2 bytes)
Floating Objects  (2 bytes)
Inventory Objects (2 bytes)
Rooms		   (2 bytes)
Scripts	   (2 bytes)
Sounds  	   (2 bytes)
Character Sets	   (2 bytes)
Costumes	   (2 bytes)
Global Objects	   (2 bytes)


DROO, DSCR, DSOU, DCOS, DCHR, DOBJ

All as in V5


AARY - Array

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
  #num		(2 bytes) Stops if 0x0000
  #a		(2 bytes)
  #b		(2 bytes)
  #c   	(2 bytes)

read num
if num != 0:
 read a, b, c
 if c == 1:
   defineArray(num, kBitArray, a, b)
 else:
   defineArray(num, kIntArray, a, b)

If num is 0, that marks the end of the AARY block, and there are no "a", "b", or "c" parameters afterwards.


Scumm 7

  • Files aren't xor'ed

RNAM - Room names

  • As in V6 ?!?!?!


MAXS

Block Name	   (4 bytes)
Block Size	   (4 bytes BE)
Variables	   (2 bytes)
Bit Variables	   (2 bytes)
Unknown	   (2 bytes)
Global Objects	   (2 bytes)
Local Objects	   (2 bytes)
New Names	   (2 bytes)
Verbs		   (2 bytes)
Floating Objects  (2 bytes)
Inventory Objects (2 bytes)
Arrays		   (2 bytes)
Rooms		   (2 bytes)
Scripts	   (2 bytes)
Sounds  	   (2 bytes)
Character Sets	   (2 bytes)
Costumes	   (2 bytes)

AARY

Mostly as in V6, except "Int" arrays are now "DWords".

DROO,DSCR,DSOU,DCOS,DCHR,DOBJ

All as in V6


ANAM - Animation Names

Block Name	   (4 bytes)
Block Size	   (4 bytes BE)
No of items	   (2 bytes
 #Name	  	   (8 bytes)
 #Blank (00) byte (1 byte)
Blank (FF) byte   (1 byte) Marks end of chunk


Scumm 8

RNAM - Room Names

As in V6 ?


MAXS

Block Name	   (4 bytes)
Block Size	   (4 bytes BE)
Variables	   (4 bytes)
Bit Variables 	   (4 bytes)
Unknown	   (4 bytes)
Scripts	   (4 bytes)
Sounds  	   (4 bytes)
Character Sets	   (4 bytes)
Costumes	   (4 bytes)
Rooms		   (4 bytes)
Unknown	   (4 bytes)
Global Objects	   (4 bytes)
Unknown	   (4 bytes)
Local Objects 	   (4 bytes)
New Names	   (4 bytes)
Floating Objects  (4 bytes)
Inventory Objects (4 bytes)
Arrays		   (4 bytes)
Verbs		   (4 bytes)


DROO - Directory of Rooms

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (4 bytes)
 *Room Number	  (1 byte)
 *Offset	  (2 bytes)


DRSC - Directory of Room Scripts

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (4 bytes)
 *Room Number	  (1 byte)
 *Offset	  (2 bytes)


DSCR - Directory of Scripts

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (4 bytes)
 *Room Number	  (1 byte)
 *Offset	  (2 bytes)


DSOU - Directory of Sound

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (4 bytes)
 *Room Number	  (1 byte)
 *Offset	  (2 bytes)


DCOS - Directory of Costumes

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (4 bytes)
 *Room Number	  (1 byte)
 *Offset	  (2 bytes)


DCHR - Directory of Charsets

Block Name	  (4 bytes)
Block Size	  (4 bytes BE)
No of items	  (4 bytes)
 *Room Number	  (1 byte)
 *Offset	  (2 bytes)


AARY

Mostly as in V7. AARY only has "a" and "b" parameters. "b" determines the order of the parameters when creating the array.

Block Name	(4 bytes)
Block Size	(4 bytes BE)
  #num		(4 bytes) Stops if 0x00000000
  #a		(4 bytes)
  #b		(4 bytes)
while num != 0:
 read a and b
 if b != 0:
   defineArray(num, kIntArray, b, a)
 else:
   defineArray(num, kIntArray, a, b)


DOBJ

As in V7.

 

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