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Revision as of 02:00, 14 February 2006 by LordHoto (talk | contribs) (changed "but wanted more" to "and we wanted more" (I think the second makes more sense :)))
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Here I'll describe how we transformed our ScummVM CVS to SVN. It may be helpful for other big projects facing same challenge.

Of course, has this nice "import CVS repository", but that one runs automatic cvs2svn script but we wanted more:

  • Restore connections between moved files
  • That includes merge of scummvm-old and scummvm modules. scummvm module was created when we performed major project directory tree restructuring
  • Keep subtree with tags and branches for each of our subprojects

Overall idea

Generally connection between moved files in SVN could be restored as shown in following chunk of real ScummVM repository dump:

 Revision-number: 89
 Node-path: trunk/scummvm-old/wince/missing/dirent.h
 Node-kind: file
 Node-action: add
 +Node-copyfrom-rev: 53
 +Node-copyfrom-path: trunk/scummvm-old/PocketSCUMM/missing/dirent.h

Note lines marked by '+'. Those were added. This successfully restores SVN history link.

The process

To successfully fullfill the task I wrote several simple scripts. I had to do it in scripts, not manually because restoration of connections is pretty lengthy process, and I wanted to minimise repository freeze time. So I first modified dump file locally, and later reapplied my changes to fresh dump. Those scripts are intentionally kept simple and no error checking is performed.

Whole dump takes over 1.4G, so there is no way to edit the file directly. Hence I came with simple idea of extracting just those Revision numbers and Node-paths, so they could be later replaced in original dump.

 wget http://.../scummvm-cvsroot.tar.bz2
 rm -rf scummvm scummvm.cvs
 tar xjf scummvm-cvsroot.tar.bz2
 mv scummvm scummvm.cvs
 mkdir scummvm
 # We need to combine scummvm-old and scummvm modules
 mv scummvm.cvs/scummvm scummvm.cvs/scummvm-old scummvm
 # Due to bug in our CVS repository branch-0-5-0 is both tag and branch, so
 # we have to force it here
 cvs2svn --dump-only --force-branch=branch-0-5-0 --dumpfile scummvm.dump scummvm
 grep -E "^Node-|^Revision-number" scummvm.dump >
 cvs2svn --dump-only --dumpfile tools.dump scummvm.cvs/tools
 grep -E "^Node-|^Revision-number" tools.dump >
 # No efforts were performed with restoring links in following modules
 cvs2svn --dump-only --dumpfile web.dump scummvm.cvs/web
 cvs2svn --dump-only --dumpfile scummex.dump scummvm.cvs/scummex
 cvs2svn --dump-only --dumpfile residual.dump scummvm.cvs/residual
 cvs2svn --dump-only --dumpfile docs.dump scummvm.cvs/docs
 cvs2svn --dump-only --dumpfile engine-data.dump scummvm.cvs/engine-data
 # I performed all work offsite, so I had to transfer these dumps over slow dial-up line
 bzip2 -9

This stage took about 1.5 hours. Bottleneck is the disk subsytem. Overall size of produced data is over 1.4G.

Manual editing

Now I opened files in XEmacs and started to add those links. First, I searched all words 'delete' and studied each case. I had to consult files layout and CVS log messages to see either those files simply killed or really moved or renamed. Due to fact that some files were really renamed, and there are name clashes between files in directories this was not possible to fully automate the task, however big chunk of it could be scripted.

So what I did is to specify that Node-copyfrom-path: manually and left Node-copyfrom-rev blank. Then I recorded some simple macro in XEmacs, as that was quicker to do than writing yet another script. The macro was something like this:

  • It starts on Node-copyfrom-path line.
  • Put path in yank buffer
  • Kill other windows
  • Split window (thus we have 2 views of buffer at the same place)
  • Switch to another window
  • Search backwards contents of yank buffer

With this I saw revision number in another window. Doublecheck that this is correct place and put that revision number to Node-copyfrom-rev field. However I didn't see any inconsistencies here, so I guess it could insert those numbers fully automatic.

Resulting .nodes file has inserted lines marked with leading + like on example at the top of this page.

This one is simple. What it does is to merge back those inserted lines and modify all internal path, so it will put all modules into separate directories on SVN repository:

 perl scummvm.dump.nodes scummvm <scummvm.dump >
 perl tools.dump.nodes tools <tools.dump >
 for i in web scummex residual docs engine-data
   perl $i <$i.dump >$

 $logfile = shift;
 $module = shift;
 open(LOG, $logfile) or die "Can't open file $logfile";
 $logline = <LOG>;
 while(<>) {
   $line = $lineorig = $_;
   $line =~ s/^Node-path: /Node-path: $module\//;
   $line =~ s#^Node-copyfrom-path: (/?)#Node-copyfrom-path: $1$module/#;
   print $line;
   if ($lineorig eq $logline) {
     $logline = <LOG>;
     while ($logline =~ /^\+(.*)/) {
       print "$1\n";
       $logline = <LOG>;
 close LOG;

 $module = shift;
 while(<>) {
   $line = $_;
   $line =~ s/^Node-path: /Node-path: $module\//;
   $line =~ s#^Node-copyfrom-path: (/?)#Node-copyfrom-path: $1$module/#;
   print $line;

Second regexp here is tricky, since Node-copyfrom-path could contain either /trunk/scummvm/blah or trunk/scummvm/blah and we have to keep that leading slash of it is present.

So after this stage amount of data on disk doubles since we have both merged and non-merged dumps. I kept non-merget dumps, so pass2 could be redone without performing lengthy pass1 over again.

At this straightforward stage I create local svn repository

 rm -rf svn
 svnadmin create svn
 svnadmin load svn < init.dump
 for i in scummvm tools web scummex residual docs engine-data
   svnadmin load svn < $

It takes another hour, and then I can dump resulting repository with

 svnadmin dump svn >scummvmrepo.dump

init.dump files contains skeleton of our new repository layout


 SVN-fs-dump-format-version: 2
 Revision-number: 1
 Prop-content-length: 112
 Content-length: 112
 K 8
 V 27
 K 7
 V 38
 New repository initialized by cvs2svn.
 Node-path: scummvm
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add
 Node-path: tools
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add
 Node-path: web
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add
 Node-path: docs
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add
 Node-path: scummex
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add
 Node-path: engine-data
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add
 Node-path: residual
 Node-kind: dir
 Node-action: add

Final step

Then repository was dumped, bzipped and uploaded to Now it is possible to import existing dump, but at time when we do it, we had to submit a PR.